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 1 
 on: Yesterday at 07:57:40 pm 
Started by Kiwithrottlejockey - Last post by Kiwithrottlejockey

from The Washington Post....

‘Kill them’: Three men charged in shooting
after Richard Spencer speech


Police said the men argued with a group of people who had been protesting the event,
shouted Nazi chants and fired into a crowd near a bus stop.


By SUSAN SVRIUGA and LORI ROZSA | 8:40PM EDT - Friday, October 20, 2017

Protesters surrounded and shouted at Tyler Eugene Tenbrink, who attended Richard Spencer's speech, as he tried to leave the University of Florida on Thursday. — Photograph: Evelyn Hockstein/The Washington Post.
Protesters surrounded and shouted at Tyler Eugene Tenbrink, who attended Richard Spencer's speech, as he tried to leave
the University of Florida on Thursday. — Photograph: Evelyn Hockstein/The Washington Post.


GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA — Three men were charged with attempted homicide after they argued with a group of people protesting a white nationalist's speech and fired a shot at them, police said Friday.

About 90 minutes after Richard Spencer's speech on Thursday at the University of Florida — which generated so much controversy that the governor declared a state of emergency days before the event — a silver Jeep pulled up to six to eight protesters near a bus stop and confronted them, according to Gainesville Police Department spokesman Sergeant Ben Tobias.

The men, whom police identified as white nationalists, threatened the group, making Nazi salutes and shouting chants about Hitler, police said.

One of the people in the group, who were in their 20s and heading home after protesting, hit the Jeep with a baton. It pulled over.

Tyler Tenbrink, 28, of Richmond, Texas, jumped out with a gun, authorities said. According to the Alachua County Sheriff's arrest report, Colton Fears, 28, and William Fears, 30, of Pasadena, Tex., encouraged Tenbrink to shoot, yelling, “I'm going to f—— kill you”, “Kill them” and “Shoot them”.

Tenbrink fired a single shot that missed the people, police said, and hit a nearby building.

“Once the altercation began, it started ramping up very quickly until the gunshot,” Tobias said.

Wesley Durrance, a 2016 graduate of UF, had just said goodbye to his friends — who were sitting at the bus stop with their signs from the protest — when he heard a loud pop. “Clearly a gunshot,” he said.

He turned around and saw chaos. “Some people were running, one of my friends was still sitting there, my friend who was shot at was standing there,” Durrance said. “Everybody was freaking out, but he was pretty calm, considering. I mean, they had just tried to kill him.”

The men then fled in the Jeep, but one of the people who had been targeted got the license plate number and reported it to police. An off-duty sheriff's deputy who had worked at the Spencer event searched for and found the Jeep.

Gainesville police confirmed on Friday that the arrests were related to the event.


Protesters walked alongside Tyler Eugene Tenbrink, who attended Richard Spencer's speech, as he left the University of Florida on Thursday. — Photograph: Evelyn Hockstein/The Washington Post.
Protesters walked alongside Tyler Eugene Tenbrink, who attended Richard Spencer's speech, as he left the University of Florida
on Thursday. — Photograph: Evelyn Hockstein/The Washington Post.


Tobias said all three admitted to having been involved in the shooting when they were stopped by police on Interstate 75 about 15 miles north of Gainesville. Tenbrink admitted he was the shooter, according to the Alachua County Sheriff's arrest report.

Spencer's speech was repeatedly disrupted by people shouting at him, but the protests outside remained largely peaceful, despite tensions between his supporters and more than 2,500 counter-protesters.

“I hesitate to make a comment on an incident that just happened,” Spencer said on Friday evening. “If it actually happened as it is described in the news, then it is an absolutely terrible incident and it can't be defended. But I think we should all remember that it is a developing story.”

He urged supporters to avoid violence.

“There are time when one can rightfully defend oneself, but these kinds of confrontations should be avoided. The eyes of the world are upon us, and we need to behave in the way that is of the highest standards,” Spencer said.

Tenbrink told The Washington Post on Thursday that he came from Houston to hear the speech. “I came here to support Spencer because after Charlottesville, the radical left threatened my family and children because I was seen and photographed in Charlottesville,” Tenbrink said, referring to the “Unite the Right” rally in August that ended in violence.

“The man's got the brass to say what nobody else will.”

Tenbrink said from inside the event venue that all he cares about are the 14 words, a reference to a white-supremacist slogan: “We must secure the existence of our people and a future for white children.”

“That doesn't mean I hate all black people I see,” Tenbrink said.

“And homosexuals, if they want to be homosexual, keep it to yourself. Nobody wants to see that s—,” he said.

The Gainesville Sun reported that William Fears had told the paper on Thursday that he believed James Fields, the man accused of driving his car into a crowd of people protesting the “Unite the Right” rally in Charlottesville, killing one woman and injuring others, wasn't unjustified.


Richard Spencer spoke on Thursday at the University of Florida. — Photograph: Evelyn Hockstein/The Washington Post.
Richard Spencer spoke on Thursday at the University of Florida. — Photograph: Evelyn Hockstein/The Washington Post.

William Fears told The Washington Post in August that he came to Charlottesville equipped for violence — and found it. He threw and took punches.

“It was like a war … it was an eerie feeling,” Fears said after he had gone home to Texas and his job as a construction worker. “Things are life and death now, and if you're involved in this movement, you have to be willing to die for it now …”

“If I'm killed, that's fine,” he said. “Maybe I'll be a martyr or something, or remembered.”

At least two of the three who were arrested in Gainesville have demonstrated connections to extremist groups, police said.

All three men have attended white supremacist events, according to the Anti-Defamation League, and all three were at the torchlight march and the “Unite the Right” rally in Charlottesville.

Spencer's speech was his first on a university campus since he led a torchlight march through the University of Virginia in August, with followers chanting, “You will not replace us” and “Jews will not replace us”. That was the beginning of a weekend of clashes between white nationalists and white supremacists on one side and counter-protesters on the other that turned fatal in Charlottesville the next day.

After that violence, University of Florida officials denied Spencer's request to speak on campus — as did several other public universities — “amid serious concerns for safety”.

Spencer, who leads the National Policy Institute, was not invited by the university or a student group. UF leaders have repeatedly rejected his message as hateful. But under threat of a lawsuit, university officials acknowledged Spencer's First Amendment right to speak at a campus venue they rent out, and began planning extensive security.

Governor Rick Scott (Republican) declared a state of emergency in the days before the speech. More than 1,000 law-enforcement officers converged on campus, and the public university expects its total costs for security measures to exceed $600,000.

Tyler Tenbrink, Colton Fears and William Fears were charged with attempted homicide and were in the Alachua County Jail on Friday. Tenbrink faces additional charges for possession of a firearm by a felon.


Tyler Tenbrink. — Photograph: Alachua County Jail. Colton Fears. — Photograph: Alachua County Jail. . — Photograph: Alachua County Jail.
Tyler Tenbrink, left; Colton Fears, center; and William Fears, right. — Photographs: Alachua County Jail.

Joe Heim, Jennifer Jenkins, and Terrence McCoy contributed to this report.

• Susan Svrluga is a reporter for The Washington Post, covering higher education for the Grade Point blog.

• Lori Rozsa is a freelance reporter and frequent contributor to The Washington Post.

__________________________________________________________________________

Related to this topic:

 • VIDEO: 'Not in our town!' Protesters march against Richard Spencer at University of Florida.

 • ‘Go home, Spencer!’ White nationalist's speech disrupted by protesters.

 • ‘We will keep coming back’: Richard Spencer leads another torchlight march in Charlottesville

 • The road to hate: For six young men of the alt-right, Charlottesville is just the beginning

 • PHOTOGRAPH GALLERY: Photos from the scene as protesters counter Richard Spencer's speech at the University of Florida


https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/grade-point/wp/2017/10/20/kill-them-three-men-charged-in-shooting-after-richard-spencer-speech

 2 
 on: Yesterday at 07:55:37 pm 
Started by Kiwithrottlejockey - Last post by Kiwithrottlejockey

from The Washington Post....

The party is over…

Technology's direct access has kneecapped the GOP and Democrats.
We may miss them.


By DAVID VON DREHLE | 7:31PM EDT - Friday, October 20, 2017

Senator Bernie Sanders (Independent-Vermont). — Photograph: Andrew Harnik/Associated Press.
Senator Bernie Sanders (Independent-Vermont). — Photograph: Andrew Harnik/Associated Press.

WITH control of Congress, the White House and a majority of state governments, the Republican Party can claim to be stronger than at any time since 1928. On the other hand, many Democrats believe that their party's edge among younger voters and growing non-white demographic groups has them on the brink of a new reign of power.

The truth is, both parties are in crisis — and may be headed for worse.

The Republican ascendancy is riddled with asterisks. The party's control of Congress has only exposed deep and bitter divisions, as the pirates of Breitbart and talk radio turn their guns on House Speaker Paul D. Ryan (Wisconsin) and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (Kentucky). Too riven to redeem its oft-sworn pledge to repeal and replace Obamacare, the fractured majority is now struggling to unite around tax cuts, the golden calf of the GOP. As the saying goes, power is what power does — in this case, not much.

At the White House, Republicans rule in name only. The man in the Oval Office owes zilch to the party, having mowed down more than a dozen GOP leaders representing every band of the party's ideological spectrum in his 2016 coup. In office, he continues to train his Twitter flamethrower on Republicans much of the time. Meanwhile, the state-level GOP is waging civil war from Alabama to Arizona.

The internal bloodletting is at least as fierce, though perhaps less public, among Democrats. They, too, nearly lost control of their presidential nomination last year. Senator Bernie Sanders (Independent-Vermont) showed scant desire to be a Democrat through his long political career in Vermont, but he has decided late in life to pursue an ideological takeover. The septuagenarian revolutionary continues to galvanize the left wing against leading Democrats, and neither he nor his people are interested in making nice.

In California, for example, veteran Senator Dianne Feinstein's announcement that she would seek a fifth full term provoked howls from the Sanders set. The former mayor of San Francisco is too centrist for them. Emboldened, the top-ranking Democrat in the state Senate, Kevin de León, has jumped into the primary. Although he may not be as progressive as the left would prefer, the mere fact of his challenge in the heart of Democratic America will cast a klieg light on party disunity.

What makes today's conflicts inside the major parties different from intramural elbow-throwing in the past? The rapid rise of unmediated democracy, enabled by the digital revolution.

For generations, the major parties have served as rival department stores anchoring opposite ends of America's political shopping mall. They chose which products to offer and favored certain ones with their most prominent displays. They marshaled big budgets for advertising and thus loomed over the boutiques and specialty stores — the greens, the libertarians and so on — serving smaller clienteles.

Smartphones and the Internet are killing big retail by connecting buyers directly to products. The same is in store for the major parties. Donald Trump went directly to the voters through Facebook and Twitter; they, in turn, swept him past Republican gatekeepers to commandeer the mannequins and display cases of the GOP. Likewise, Sanders has found plenty of volunteers and cash to support his attempted hostile takeover of the Democratic Party.

Voters no longer need — nor, in many cases, want — a political party to screen their candidates and vet their ideas. They prefer to build their own movements, often with stunning speed. The change is not limited to the United States. Britain's major parties didn't want Brexit, but it's happening. Major parties in France didn't want Emmanuel Macron; now he's president.

America's winner-take-all elections strongly favor the two-party system. (Parliamentary systems, with their proportional representation, encourage smaller, more numerous, parties.) But unless the Republicans and Democrats find ways — pronto — to adapt to the rise of unmediated democracy, their systemic advantage could become an Alamo where defenders of party discipline and coalition-building make their doomed last stand.

Already we've seen a party lose possession of its most precious commodity: its presidential nomination. We've seen a rump minority in the House bounce former speaker John A. Boehner from his post and cast a hungry eye on his successor. In Kansas in 2014, an independent businessman, Greg Orman, cowed the Democratic Party into sitting on the sidelines of a U.S. Senate race. He's thinking about trying it again in next year's gubernatorial election.

Whether the future belongs to independent candidates connecting with voters outside the parties or to Trump-inspired hostile takeovers of nominations (probably it will be a combination), the future is dim for the major parties as we've known them. They were too often arrogant, unresponsive and borderline corrupt, but they vetted candidates, gave them training and fostered the compromises that hold teams together. We may miss them when they are gone.


• David Von Drehle writes a twice-weekly column for The Washington Post. He was previously an editor-at-large for TIME magazine, and is the author of four books, including Rise to Greatness: Abraham Lincoln and America's Most Perilous Year and Triangle: The Fire That Changed America.

__________________________________________________________________________

Related to this topic:

 • Fred Hiatt: France's president blew up his country’s two-party system and is pushing serious reform. Could it happen here?

 • Gary Johnson: Our two-party system has failed, just like our founders said it would

 • Charles Lane: Are we headed for a four-party moment?

 • Joe Scarborough: Trump is killing the Republican Party

 • Fareed Zakaria: The Democrats' problem is not the economy, stupid


https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/both-political-parties-may-be-doomed/2017/10/20/4c6cf8b2-b5ca-11e7-be94-fabb0f1e9ffb_story.html

 3 
 on: Yesterday at 05:24:48 pm 
Started by Kiwithrottlejockey - Last post by aDjUsToR
Would govt funded scientists get much funding if they said "actually this may not be a problem"?


 4 
 on: Yesterday at 04:05:02 pm 
Started by reality - Last post by aDjUsToR
No sexism here clown. Favouring one gender over another is textbook sexism. You and your mate Jacinda are soaking in it.

 I realise the union movement long ago sold their souls to the green loony left. Hence your inability to think beyond dumb loony left slogans.

 5 
 on: Yesterday at 03:25:05 pm 
Started by Kiwithrottlejockey - Last post by Kiwithrottlejockey

from The Washington Post....

Move over, America.
China now presents itself as the model ‘blazing a new trail’ for the world.


In keynote speech, China's president takes pains to present his nation as a model, but not as a threat.

By SIMON DENYER | 7:25PM EDT - Thursday, October 19, 2017

Chinese President Xi Jinping, bottom center, is applauded by senior members of the government after his speech at the opening session of the 19th Communist Party Congress on October 18th in Beijing. — Photograph: Kevin Frayer/Getty Images.
Chinese President Xi Jinping, bottom center, is applauded by senior members of the government after his speech at the opening session of the 19th Communist Party
Congress on October 18th in Beijing. — Photograph: Kevin Frayer/Getty Images.


BEIJING — American presidents are fond of describing their nation as a “city on a hill” — a shining example for other nations to follow. But China is now officially in the business of styling itself as another polestar for the world, with a very different political, economic and cultural model.

“The banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics is now flying high and proud for all to see,” Chinese President Xi Jinping said during a mammoth speech to the Communist Party elite on Wednesday.

“It means the path, the theory, the system, and the culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics have kept developing, blazing a new trail for other developing countries to achieve modernization,” he said in the Great Auditorium of the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.

“It offers a new option for other countries and nations who want to speed up their development while preserving their independence, and it offers Chinese wisdom and a Chinese approach to solving the problems facing mankind.”

The extent to which the Chinese model is successful or even applicable to other countries is, of course, very questionable. (Although it is also true that many people outside the United States do not see Washington's foreign policy as an unquestioned global good, or its social system as a model.)

China's economic growth has been stunning since the country's move from communism to state-directed capitalism, but per capita income is still a fraction of places such as Taiwan, Singapore or Chinese-controlled Hong Kong. China may have the world's second-largest economy in aggregate, but it ranks between 70 and 80 on a ranking of nations on a per capita basis.

Rising wealth has been accompanied by rising inequality, massive environmental pollution, rampant corruption and one of the most repressive regimes on the planet.

The country has generated cheap capital for industry by keeping real interest rates negative and preventing money from leaving the country, creating an effective tax on its citizens that would not be possible in many other nations. Yet it also has benefited from the incredible industriousness of its own people together with the huge size of its own internal market.

Chinese President Xi Jinping. — Photograph: Lintao Zhang/Getty Images.
Chinese President Xi Jinping. — Photograph: Lintao Zhang/Getty Images.

Still, China's Communist Party has seen events in the West — from the 2008 financial crisis to the election of Donald Trump, and even Brexit — as a vindication of its own political and economic system. On Tuesday, state news agency Xinhua spelled it out: Western democracy was divisive and confrontational, and beset with crises and chaos.

It is a message that resounds in other authoritarian states with big development ambitions, such as Ethiopia. There is no doubt that China's economic record does attract the envy of the people in many poorer nations, especially perhaps in Africa, where the track record of Western influence — and the brand of neoliberal economics often preached by the IMF and World Bank — has not always been rosy.

A poll by Pew Research Center spanning 37 countries showed a sharp drop in U.S. favorability ratings this year, with more people trusting Xi Jinping to do the right thing regarding world affairs than President Trump — by 28 percent to 22 percent — although a majority expressed no confidence in either man.

At the same time as it scorns the Western system, a confident China has also used its growing financial clout to extend its influence across Asia and the world — through projects such as the global development plan known as Belt and Road, and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank — and demand a greater say in global governance.

“It will be a new era,” Xi confidently declared on Wednesday, “that sees China moving closer to center stage and making greater contributions to mankind.”

In his 3½-hour speech, Xi took an uncompromising line on what the Communist Party sees as its core interests — on the question of independence for Taiwan, for example — but he took pains to stress that China was not a threat to the rest of the world, and pursues what he called a foreign policy of peace.

“No one should expect China to swallow anything that undermines its interests,” he said. But he added: “China's development does not pose a threat to any other country. No matter what stage of development it reaches, China will never seek hegemony or engage in expansion.”

Many Tibetans, who contest Beijing's right to rule the vast Himalayan plateau, might sharply contest that assertion. Several neighboring states would also have noted the way Xi listed “construction on islands and reefs in the South China Sea” as an achievement of his administration — in defiance of their claims and an international arbitration ruling that undermined China's own claims.

Democrats in Hong Kong, some of whom have recently been jailed for their role in the 2014 Umbrella Movement, will have noted Xi's assertion that the people of that territory should rule themselves — but with “patriots playing the leading role”.

The government of Taiwan also objected on Wednesday, saying it was the right of their own people to determine their own future — after Xi explicitly warned that Beijing would never allow any attempt by Taipei to declare independence.


Chinese President Xi speaks at the Communist Party Congress in Beijing. — Photograph: Kevin Frayer/Getty Images.
Chinese President Xi speaks at the Communist Party Congress in Beijing. — Photograph: Kevin Frayer/Getty Images.

Xi also said he wanted the country's military to be more modern and more powerful, and ready for conflict if needed. But the main message of the foreign policy section of his speech was one of partnership, peace and cooperation, and of greater assistance to developing countries.

China, he said, will continue to play its part in international affairs “as a major and responsible country, take an active part in reforming and developing the global governance system, and keep contributing Chinese wisdom and strength to global governance.”

But Western-style democracy? No thanks. There's no room for “erroneous” ideologies, said Xi.

“China's socialist democracy is the broadest, most genuine, and most effective democracy, to safeguard the fundamental interests of the people,” he said.

“The very purpose of developing socialist democracy is to give full expression to the will of the people, protect their rights and interests, spark their creativity, and provide systemic and institutional guarantees to ensure the people run the country,” he continued.

Yet China's apparent confidence cannot mask a deep paranoia at the root of its political system, and deep fear of ordinary Chinese people actually being allowed to express an opinion.

Dissidents were jailed or railroaded out of town ahead of the Party Congress, censorship of the Internet dramatically intensified and ordinary public gatherings canceled or postponed.


• Simon Denyer is The Washington Post's bureau chief in China. He served previously as bureau chief in India and as a Reuters bureau chief in Washington, India and Pakistan.

__________________________________________________________________________

Related to this topic:

 • VIDEO: A ‘new era’ of power: Xi Jinping kicks off China's 19th Communist Party Congress

 • VIDEO: Amid key party talks, China's economic growth rate slows

 • Washington Post Editorial: China's president just laid out a worrying vision for the world

 • Xi Jinping at China congress calls on party to tighten its grip on the country

 • Why the world is watching Xi Jinping and China's party congress

 • Xi Jinping's quest to revive Stalin's communist ideology

 • PHOTOGRAPH GALLERY: A look inside the Great Hall of the People during China's Communist Party Congress


https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2017/10/19/move-over-america-china-now-presents-itself-as-the-model-blazing-a-new-trail-for-the-world

 6 
 on: Yesterday at 03:00:26 pm 
Started by reality - Last post by Kiwithrottlejockey

Hey....you're the person displaying sexist traits, then complaining when you get called out about it.

 7 
 on: Yesterday at 02:12:07 pm 
Started by reality - Last post by aDjUsToR
Your MO KTJ is becoming apparent;

You fail to reason, so replace reasoning with making shit up about people you disagree with. Sad and pathetic, but not unexpected.

 8 
 on: Yesterday at 01:38:37 pm 
Started by reality - Last post by aDjUsToR
Another major logic fail there KTJ. Please get back to me when you've worked out how to think for yourself.

 9 
 on: Yesterday at 01:13:36 pm 
Started by Kiwithrottlejockey - Last post by aDjUsToR
Clearly KTJ you are just making shit up re "fake scientists" and try to hide your lack of thought through spamming. Get back to me when you've worked out how to think for yourself.

 10 
 on: Yesterday at 12:24:20 pm 
Started by Kiwithrottlejockey - Last post by Kiwithrottlejockey

from Fairfax NZ....

Some New Zealand climate change impacts may
already be irreversible, Government report says


By CHARLIE MITCHELL and GED CANN | 2:05PM - Thursday, 19 October 2017

https://vimeo.com/238677734

CLIMATE CHANGE may have already had an irreversible impact on New Zealand's natural systems and the effects are likely to worsen, a new Government report says.

Data showed conclusively that temperatures had already risen by one degree in New Zealand, which would have an impact on the economy, extreme weather events, biodiversity and health.

The Our Climate and Atmosphere 2017 report, released by the Ministry for the Environment (MfE) and Statistics New Zealand on Thursday, revealed the country's glaciers had lost nearly a quarter of their ice since 1977, and sea levels had risen between 14 centimetres and 22 centimetres at four main ports since 1916.

Meanwhile, our contribution to global greenhouse emissions had increased and sea level and temperature rises were forecast to gain momentum.

Soils in some areas had become drier and both the acidity and the temperature of the ocean had risen.

Last year was the country's warmest year since records began and the five warmest years on record had occurred in the last 20 years.

The number of extreme weather events had increased, as had the insurance cost of those events, Insurance Council of New Zealand data showed.

New Zealand had the fifth-highest emission levels per person in the OECD, the report said.

Since 1990, gross emissions increased 24 percent, while net emissions increased 64 percent. Net emissions accounted for carbon stored in forests, which was released when they were cut down.

Our high rate of emissions was attributed to an unusually large share of agriculture emissions and high car-ownership rates.

“While New Zealand is not a large contributor of emissions globally, we are certainly affected locally and we need to act on what that means for us,” secretary for the environment Vicky Robertson said.


Flooding in Canterbury this year. Such events are likely to become more frequent due to climate change. — Photograph: Alden Williams.
Flooding in Canterbury this year. Such events are likely to become more frequent due
to climate change. — Photograph: Alden Williams.


The scope of the report did not include recommendations for tackling emissions and Robertson said the purpose was to open the conversation.

“We are working quite significantly to bring together all the public services towards advising collectively and consistently around what government could do to create a pathway to our 2030 targets.”

Current targets were to reduce greenhouse emissions to 30 percent below 2005 levels by 2030.

The document singles out transport as a key driver of increased emissions, which had jumped 78 percent since 1990 and now equated to 18 percent overall.

However, agriculture emissions sat far higher, constituting just under half of overall emissions and had also climbed significantly in the same period.

Robertson said the report had not sought to downplay agriculture's impact and she would not be shying away from it in policy advice.

While New Zealand's emissions had continued to climb, the United Kingdom reduced its emissions by 26 percent from 1990 to 2013, Sweden by 25 percent, and France by 11 percent.

Robertson refused to give New Zealand a scorecard on its performance to-date, but said now was the time to make changes.

“The future impacts of climate change on our lives all depend on how fast global emissions are reduced and the extent to which our communities can adapt to change.”

University of Otago environmental epidemiologist Simon Hales said the main takeaway was that the country was not living up to its international obligations on climate change.

“We require a much better, more quantitative understanding of the likely adverse impacts of climate change on human health than the brief, vague statements in the MfE report.”


Fox Glacier in 2014. Our shrinking glaciers are a sign of a warming climate. — Photograph: Ian Fuller.
Fox Glacier in 2014. Our shrinking glaciers are a sign of a warming climate.
 — Photograph: Ian Fuller.


Climate change would likely have an impact on our already struggling biodiversity.

Research showed there was already a growing imbalance in the gender split of tuatara.

Warmer temperatures in tuatara nests were more likely to produce male offspring; on North Brother Island in the Cook Strait, the ratio of male to female tuatara had increased from 1:66 to 2:36 in recent decades.

Warmer temperatures also increased the wasp population in beech forests, which resulted in less food for native species, and the frequency of masts (tree seed dropping), creating food for rodents, which attract predators.

“We can expect to face possibly costly decisions around how we manage the effects of a changing climate for our unique and celebrated native biodiversity,” the report said.

Climate change would also affect the economy and our physical and mental health, although the extent for both was not yet clear.

Rising sea levels and increasing extreme weather events would affect coastal communities, likely requiring some communities to move.

An earlier risk census determined around $19 billion worth of buildings were at risk of rising sea levels.

Drier conditions in some areas would have an impact on agriculture and the rates of some diseases may increase, as well as exposure to heat waves, flooding and fires.

The report also determined the atmosphere's "ozone hole", which was attributed to high levels of melanoma in Australia and New Zealand, was shrinking.

It had decreased 21 percent from its largest size, which was reached in 2006, and may no longer exist mid-way through the century.

It was largely due to a global effort to reduce the usage of ozone depleting substances, such as those in refrigeration and air conditioning equipment.

NIWA atmospheric researcher Richard McKenzie said the report was heartening, but the country still had to be vigilant.

“The situation is delicate at present and we remain at risk from possible effects from future volcanic eruptions.”


Download the “Our Atmosphere and Climate 2017” report. (348KB PDF document)

Download the accompanying Media Release. (80KB PDF document)

__________________________________________________________________________

Related to this topic:

 • The seaside town being eaten alive

 • Climate change could spell ‘extreme poverty’ in coastal NZ towns

 • Sea level rise could swamp some New Zealand cities


https://www.stuff.co.nz/environment/98020081

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